What did he want them to feel? How do you know? Why do they not dissolve it themselves—the union between themselves and the State—and refuse to pay their quota into its treasury? If a thousand men were not to pay their tax-bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood. Using the questions below, divide the essay into functional parts a part of text classified according to its function—for example, introduction, example, or counterargument.
Label the parts and be prepared to support your answers. If so, where does this section begin and end? Is there a part that explains any background information that the reader needs to know in order to be able to understand the answer to the central question or argument that the composition offers? Is there a part that examines possible objections to the answer, argument, or supporting material? In other words, is there a section where the writer hints at what he or she hopes readers will think and do on the basis of what they have read in the text?
Using a functional part where Thoreau is supporting his argument, see how many of the following rhetorical methods you can identify. Cite the paragraph number and a few identifying phrases or sentences of specific text to identify the method:. Describing scenes and evoking sensory images c. Defining terms and concepts d. Dividing the whole into parts e.
Classifying the parts according to some principle or order f. For every stylistic feature you notice, explain what you see as its effect on 1 the appeal of the essay, 2 the credibility of Thoreau ethos , or 3 the emotional or persuasive power of the piece pathos. Cultural memory in modern rhetoric refers to the writer-reader connection.
It has to do with how much knowledge, information, and data a writer has about his audience and their culture. A simple way of talking about this is to ask: To what does the text refer or allude with the expectation that readers will know the reference or allusion? Are these references and allusions likely to appeal to and affect readers today in the same way they did when Thoreau used them? Accessed September 14, Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less.
How to cite this page Choose cite format: It heavily criticizes the American institution of government at the time and is also defined as a text to live by. It is also influenced Romanticism, the idea of individualism. He was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist. He is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state.
Yet this abstract thing we call government is so easy to wield and manipulate, that one individual can easily bid the government to do their will. While we believe that government is made to serve the people in which it governs, it is mainly used as a source to gain power. Thoreau encourages civil disobedience because it is the ability to have a sense of rightness and moral conscience. The lawyer was Mohandas K.
Gandhi found in Thoreau the techniques he would use in the subsequent struggle for Indian independence. Using the same techniques that Thoreau had encouraged. King went on to start the Civil Rights movement. Hundreds of years later Thoreau's old works have been the inspiration and guide for those seeking to change their government.
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Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience" Summary and Analysis Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Having spent one night in jail in July of for refusal to pay his poll tax in protest against slavery and the Mexican War, Thoreau lectured before the Concord Lyceum in January of on the subject "On the Relation of the Individual to the State.".
Civil Disobedience covers several topics, and Thoreau intersperses poetry and social commentary throughout. For purposes of clarity and readability, the essay has been divided into three sections here, though Thoreau himself made no such divisions.
Video: Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience: Summary and Analysis Henry David Thoreau wrote the essay Civil Disobedience to show his opposition to slavery and American imperialism. His essay has influenced many prominent civil rights activists, including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Disobedience study guide contains a biography of Henry David Thoreau, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Civil Disobedience Civil disobedience is defined as the refusal to obey certain laws or governmental demands for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policy. It is characterized by the employment of nonviolent techniques such as boycotting, picketing, and nonpayment of taxes. Directions: Read “Civil Disobedience.” As you read, underline examples of Thoreau using rhetorical devices and identify and explain the devices via annotation. Answer questions to prepare for further work with a small group.