Remember to note the causes and effects of each problem, as well as all possible solutions that you think of or come across, even though at this stage they will be only preliminary. So, keep it in mind that you may discover more problems, as well as solutions, as you go on with writing your case study. Check out the available tools that you have at your disposal and see which ones can best be applied in your case.
To make the best choices, carefully read and brainstorm the possible applications of each tool and discuss it with your fellow students and your professor. Remember to put down everything that you find out in notes. It is critical that you have everything documented, should you need to return to some point of your study. Also, write down what you think about those findings and how you have come to them.
If you used calculations or testings for finding a possible solution to a problem, they also need to be thoroughly documented in detail. This is your advice on what can be done to eliminate, solve, or at least minimize a problem in the case. There should be recommendations for each problem that you have found out. They can be shaped in the form of plain text or put in a table. They must be detailed and include not only the solution but also a plan of actions that need to be done to achieve positive results.
Each solution should answer the following questions:. Here you summarize your analysis of the case from the perspective of the objectives — both compulsory and desired ones. Remember to follow the recommendations from your professor regarding your conclusions to the letter, especially when it comes to your original assumptions. Same as with any other academic writing , a case study report needs to be carefully planned before writing. The plan or the structure of your report will most probably start taking shape in your head as early as the beginning of your investigation.
First, make up your preliminary outline with all the sections and subsections. Since this outline is for your use only, it does not necessarily have to be in the format of a list, like with most academic papers that you have to submit. You can make it in any format that you find convenient — for example, a mind map. Then, just sort your notes by adding them to the corresponding sections and subsections. Creating the outline will help you visualize the order in which you will put the bits of information that you have in your notes.
Mind that this outline does not need to be final, and you are free to change it as your ideas develop. Only when you see that it is finalized, you can translate your outline into the contents page of your case study report. Create a schedule for your writing and follow it strictly. Meticulously plan how much time you can spare on writing and editing your report.
Exceed the time limits for each portion of work in case you find some section harder to write than others and need some extra time for them. It is recommended to begin with the sections about which you feel most confident. Naturally, these will be the sections that are your won to the biggest extent: The auxiliary and secondary sections are the ones to finish with. These are the introduction, reference list, appendices, etc. Your case study report is meant for someone to read it.
Therefore, you should always imagine this person or group of people when writing your report. Your at this point, imaginary readership should have the decisive vote over your choice of style, language, and, of course, content. Define the subject of study. A case study focuses on a single individual, a small group of people, or occasionally a single event. You'll be conducting qualitative research to find specific details and descriptions of how your subject is affected.
For example, a medical case study might study how a single patient is affected by an injury. A psychology case study might study a small group of people in an experimental form of therapy. Case studies are not designed for large group studies or statistical analysis. Decide between prospective and retrospective research. Prospective case studies perform new studies of their own, involving individuals or small groups.
Retrospective case studies examine a small number of past cases related to the subject of study, and do not require new involvement with the subject of these cases. A case study may or may not include both types of research. Narrow down your research goal. This may be given to you in advance by a professor or employer, or you may develop it on your own. Here are the main types of case studies, organized by goal: For instance, a case study of a person with depression, designed to help communicate the subjective experience of depression to therapist trainees.
Exploratory case studies are preliminary projects to help guide a future, larger-scale project. They aim to identify research questions and possible research approaches. For example, a case study of three school tutoring programs would describe the pros and cons of each approach, and give tentative recommendations on how a new tutoring program could be organized.
Critical instance case studies focus on a unique cases, without a generalized purpose. Examples include a descriptive study of a patient with a rare condition, or a study of a specific case to determine whether a broadly applied "universal" theory is actually applicable or useful in all cases. Apply for ethical approval. Almost all case studies are required by law to obtain ethical approval before they can begin.
Contact your institution or department and propose your case study to the people in charge of ethics oversight. You may be asked to prove that the case study does no harm to its participants. Follow this step even if you are conducting a retrospective case study. In some cases, publishing a new interpretation can cause harm to the participants in the original study.
Plan for a long-term study. Most academic case studies last at least 3—6 months, and many of them continue for years. You may be limited by your research funding or the length of your degree program, but you should allow a few weeks to conduct the study at the very least.
Design your research strategy in detail. Create an outline describing how you will gather data and answer your research questions. The exact approach is up to you, but these tips may help: Create four or five bullet points that you intend to answer, if possible, in the study. Consider perspectives on approaching the question and the related bullet points. Choose at least two, and preferably more, of these data sources: Design interview questions that will lead to in-depth answers and continued conversations related to your research goals.
Recruit participants if necessary. You may have a specific individual in mind, or you may need to recruit people from a broader pool who satisfy your research criteria. Make your research methods and time frame extremely clear to the potential participants.
Unclear communication could be a breach of ethics, or could cause a participant to walk out partway through the study, wasting a great deal of time. Since you aren't conducting a statistical analysis, you do not need to recruit a diverse cross-section of society. You should be aware of any biases in your small sample, and make them clear in your report, but they do not invalidate your research. If studying people, research information in their past that may be relevant, possibly including medical history, family history, or history of an organization.
A good background knowledge of the research topic and similar case studies could help guide your own research as well, especially if you are writing a critical interest case study.
Any case study, but especially case studies with a retrospective component, will benefit from basic academic research strategies. Learn how to conduct obtrusive observation. In a case study involving human participants, ethics guidelines do not typically allow you to "spy" on the participants.
You must practice obtrusive observation, where the participants are aware of your presence. Unlike a quantitative study, you may talk with the participants, make them feel comfortable, and include yourself in activities. Some researchers do attempt to maintain a distance, but be aware that your presence will affect the behavior of the participants regardless of the relationship you form with them.
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A case study analysis requires you to investigate a business problem, examine the alternative solutions, and propose the most effective solution using supporting evidence. To see an annotated sample of a Case Study Analysis, click here.
Case Study Analysis Guidelines Case Study Analysis Guidelines research projects identify the Central Problems and Questions for a case study analysis.. Case Study Analysis due and no idea how to lay it out? Paper Masters can teach you exactly how to write a case study analysis by following the simple guidelines on this page.
A case study is a task, which aims to teach the student how to analyze the causes and consequences of an event or activity by creating its role model. Such assignments show how complexities may influence various decisions and that is what makes case studies so important. How To Write a Case Study A case study is one of the many kinds of written assignments that you have to face throughout your college years. It is your report about a person, a group of people, a situation or a phenomenon that you are studying.
Writing case study is an essential part of the university program. It is also one of the hardest assignments for students. It calls for an in-depth research on a particular topic, which requires excellent analytical skills, critical thinking and creativity. A case study paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or .