Let's expand these online research tips and look at them again. It is useful to look at each of them individually and to think about how and why you will be engaged in activities. Narrow it down, but don't constrain it too much. Develop a solid thesis statement that gives you room to develop an argument.
This is a great time to do brainstorming. Clusters, mind maps, concept maps, decision trees, and free-writing are all very effective. Identifying the fields of study will help you determine which journals and subject or field-specific databases to search for your online research.
For example, you may be required to write an essay on an aspect of Hamlet in your English class. At first, you feel overwhelmed. Later, however, you think about the characters and situations that most interested you and you recall that Ophelia's speech and then her subsequent death were interesting to you.
You wondered about the psychological state, and how she was perceived by the others in the play. Does her situation illustrate something essential about the human condition?
You don't have any idea, but you'd like to explore it. So, you start by looking into what others have said about Ophelia in Hamlet. You find that her madness and death reflect and reinforce the overall themes of death, madness, murder, and betrayal.
How does Ophelia's madness contrast with Hamlet's? You start jotting down ideas and key words. These will help you develop search terms and to focus your search by going to the correct types of journals and publications. This requires another round of brainstorming, but this time you will be focusing on what others have written.
List terms, ideas, and concepts that occur to you, and then focus on the subcategories that you find most interesting. Then, use the list to narrow your topic. Avoid worn-out subjects and ones that are too narrow or too broad. As you conduct preliminary research in the library, you will find books and articles on your topic.
As you read the material, try to form an idea of what the major issues have been in the discussions about your topic. For example, if your topic is on how stem cells could treat Lou Gehrig's Disease, you will need to have an idea of who the first people who started researching the topic. You will also need to identify the sides of the argument. Who is for it? Who is against it? What are the issues? Once you have a sense of the main players, you can start to do searches based on author name as well as key words or topics.
Ironically, in some cases, you may even have to be aware that the site may not have the original version of the information you're citing. When you use the print and multimedia materials found in your college library, your evaluation task is not so complicated because librarians have already established the credibility and appropriateness of those materials for academic research. The marketplace forces publishers to be selective as well. Data collected in interviews of persons whose reliability is not always clearly established should be carefully screened, especially if you present this material as expert opinion or as based on knowledge of your topic.
You may have even more difficulty establishing trustworthiness for electronic sources, especially those you find on the World Wide Web and Internet. Because the Internet and web are easy to use and readily accessible, web material is volatile—it changes, becomes outdated, or is deleted.
Its inconsistency and sometimes crude form make web information suspect for people who use it for research. Because there is frequently no quality control over web information, you must critically evaluate all the material you find there, text and graphics alike. Ask yourself these questions about your sources.
The higher the number of questions answered yes, the more likely it is that the source is of high quality. Evaluate sources of information by examining them for authority, accuracy, objectivity, currency, and coverage.
East, Adelphi, MD Therefore, Wikipedia is best used at the start of your research to help you get a sense of the breadth and depth of your topic. It should never be cited in an academic paper.
Another reason why Wikipedia should not be cited in an academic research paper is that it aims to be like an encyclopedia—a source of reference information, not scholarly research or primary or secondary sources.
One must delineate between general reference for general knowledge and scholarly sources for in-depth knowledge and research. Don't want to cite by hand? Search and cite automatically with EasyBib! Follow Us Facebook Twitter Youtube. Easy-to-read guides and videos; not as technical as other medical search engines; managed by the National Institutes of Health,. A database of articles about issues pertaining to the justice system, including court cases, crime prevention, drugs, etc.
A powerful, general-purpose search engine that finds websites, academic papers, books, newspapers, and more. The site has a variety of features that help you narrow down your search. A search engine crafted specifically for students. Every website that shows up as search result has been hand-picked by research experts.
Finding Credible Sources Online. The dreaded research paper can leave many wondering where to go for information. With the Internet being so accessible, it might be tempting to type words into Google and use whatever comes up first.
XooxleAnswers Research - professional research service offers free research for small (circa minute) projects as a means of introducing its services. DeepDyve - big archive of literary and scholarly journal articles; free five-minute full-text previews.
A Guide To Online Research Finding, Evaluating, and Citing Information Sources. The academic research project is a standard feature of every student’s life at Cornell. It can be frustrating to conduct online research, because internet sources can be quite unreliable. If you find an online article that provides relevant information for your research topic, you should take care to investigate the source to make sure it is valid and reliable. This is an essential.
One must delineate between general reference for general knowledge and scholarly sources for in-depth knowledge and research. Facts from reputable encyclopedias or similar sources can be used to supplement a paper, but keep in mind that these sources won’t contain any . Finding Sources--explanation Using sources to support your ideas is one characteristic of the research paper that sets it apart from personal and creative writing. Sources come in many forms, such as magazine and journal articles, books, newspapers, videos, films, .