Place a period at the end of the article name, inside the quotes. Place a comma after the larger work's title, include the date of the article, a colon and the page number or numbers on which the article appears:.
To list a source which has more than one author, separate additional authors from the first with commas. Authors past the first are listed first name followed by last name, as follows:. Yorn, Paul, and Gleeson, Mark. To cite an article on a website, include the name of the company that runs the website after the publication title. Note the last date you accessed the website at the end of your citation -- this is required for all MLA Web citations:.
Newsweek, 9 April To cite a website without an author, cite the name of the webpage and the name of the website organization. Use the last day the webpage was updated as the date of publication:.
To cite a source you quote or reference in-text, include a parentheses after the quote or the sentence that contains the referenced information. Inside the parentheses, list the name of the author and the page number of the information you're referencing:. To avoid this confusion, you must include a shortened version of the essay's title, so the readers know which essay to look for. It could be argued that Sethe is haunted by "the physical persistence of memory" Smith, "Beloved" Include the first initial if you have authors with the same last name.
An in-text citation of Smith doesn't tell the reader which author provided the information. In that case, include the first initial of the author's last name in the in-text citation: Format the citation in the Works Cited. When the reader sees a quote or idea that they would like to know more about, they will look up the source author by the last name you listed in the in-text citation.
They will also know which page of the source they should look at to find the information they want. Depending on where you found the essay, your citation will follow a different format. Regardless of what format you follow, one thing remains constant across all citations. You always indent all lines that come after the first line of a Works Cited citation. This lets the reader know where one citation ends and the next one begins.
MLA also uses title case ever time a title is given. This means that first word and all major words are capitalized: The Sound and the Fury. This is distinguished from sentence case, in which only the first word is capitalized: The sound and the fury. Follow the format for an essay found in an anthology.
In this case, you must include the following information in this exact order: Publisher, Year of Publication. Include different information for essays published in journals.
If you found the article in an academic journal, you have a different set of information to include. Some of the information — like author name, essay title, and page range — stay the same. But you should follow this format exactly: Add electronic information for sources found in online databases. These databases store electronic versions of print journals as PDFs. The article you're citing may have originally appeared in a print journal, but you accessed it online.
You need to let the reader know how they, too, can access it online: The date of access is the date on which you found the essay. In MLA, all dates follow this format: Determine if APA is the right style for your document.
APA is the formatting style for the American Psychological Association, but it's used in the social sciences, business, and nursing as well. Learn what information to include in-text. In APA, though, you must add a third element: A further difference from MLA is that you include the in-text citation wherever the cited information is. If you mention the author by name in the sentence, the year appears in parentheses immediately after it.
Morrow argues that "quoted material" p. The page number always appears immediately after the quoted or referenced material appears. Morrow argues that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite p. If you don't name the author in the sentence, put all three pieces of information in the parenthetical citation. It may be argued that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite Morrow, , p.
The order of information in the parenthetical always goes Author, Year, Page. Distinguish in-text between multiple sources by the same author. The first essay will be considered "a," the second "b," and so on. Add this letter designation to the year in the in-text citation to show which essay you're discussing. You would list the year for "Summer in the South" as a.
Morrow argues that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" a, p. Add the first initial if you have authors with the same last name. Imagine that you have essays by Morgan Morrow and Timothy Morrow, but you want to cite Morgan's essay: It could be argued that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" M.
Format the citation in the Reference List. Although a quote from an expert can add impact to your essay, in most cases you should try to either paraphrase or summarize the information, using citation to reference your source.
However, when you do use direct quotations, follow these rules: Insert the quotation exactly as it was written, errors and all. Directly after a spelling error in a quote insert the word [sic]. If you make a change in the quotation, such as an underline or bold text in part of the quotation, note it in parentheses after the quotation.
Use parenthesis for information that you add after a quote and square brackets [ ] for information you add within the quotation. Usually, when you use a quotation, it's appropriate to cite the author's name within the text. In that case, you need only to reference the page number of the quotation. Works Cited The works cited section goes on a new page after the end of your essay.
Put the text "Works Cited" at the top center of the page. Generally the woks cited should include the name of the author, the name of the article used if applicable , the name of the publication, the city of publication, and the year of publication of all the references that you used to write your essay.
MLA citations include the author's surname and page number in parenthesis. If you reference the author's name in the text of your essay, it's necessary to include only the page number. EX: In picture books, such as coffee table photography books, the author usually .
Modern Language Association style provides guidelines for referencing all the sources that you use to research your paper topic. In MLA, you collect all your references on a Works Cited list that appears after the last page of your paper. In addition, when you quote or paraphrase a source in your paper's text, you include an in-text citation to note it.
Essay Citation is a Must When writing an essay of any essay length, it is critical that you place Essay Citations within your paper. If you fail to do so, your work could be considered to be plagiarised. At the end of an academic essay, you should include a page of references to show where you found the factual information you included in the paper. The in-text citation style you use depends on the style of referencing you use (MLA, APA or Chicago).
In general essays include a “Work Cited” page that gives bibliographic information about the source of the material that you cited in your text. It is not necessary to attach a Works. Aug 29, · How to Cite an Essay. Whether you're a high school student or a professional writer, you may need to cite your sources using a specific formatting style. While there are many different styles out there, the three most commonly used ones Views: K.