Today most psychologists agree not only that both nature and nurture play important roles but that they interact continuously and guide development. For example, the development of many personality traits, such as sociability and emotional stability, appear to be influenced about equally by heredity and environment; similarly, mental disorders can have both genetic and environmental causes Atkinson, Behavior geneticists are attempting to sort out the relative importance of nature and nurture influences in the development of various behavior patterns.
Psychologists are especially interested in the roles of nature and nurture in intelligence Plomin and Defries, , abnormal behavior patterns such as schizophrenia, and social problems such as sociopathy and aggression Atkinson, Non-genetic influence or the environment is perhaps the strongest alibi any person attributes to whenever things turn out not as good as they want them to be. To what extent is this true, and where does the line end when it comes to personal responsibility, genetic predispositions, or the responsibility and accountability of people who exert immense influence on us?
This is also true with nutritional status of children in their growing years. Several studies have proven the effects of these factors that they are consciously observed among the educated parents; as much as possible, many actively pursue in avoiding the drastic effects of either deficiency Papalia et al, Indeed, the environmental changes that are constantly influencing children in their early stages are established in the scientific disciplines; this despite the many arguments to the contrary.
We can write a custom essay. The Dad of the family, Stephen aged 52 ,is a heart surgeon who travels around the world working for charities. The mum of the family is called Marisa aged 50,she is an ex catwalk model, now fixated on plastic surgery to keep her body looking young. Their Daughter Alice aged 25 is a successful shop owner of high end clothing, also with a clientele who Termed by Carl Jung, collective unconscious offers a respectable insight into the field of analytical psychology.
Geography is the study of the physical parts of the earth and its atmosphere, geography can also be the study of the human activity. Every day, geography affects our daily lives. Examples of geography affecting us on a regular basis are shown from everyday experiences.
The environment constantly affects us, whether it be by weather and climate change or giving us natural resources like energy I will be doing the case analysis of a grade 1 learner focusing on the psychosocial theory and recognizing the emotional and social systems of the grade 1 learner. In the Psychosocial theory, the eight stages will be discussed. Effective Workplace Communication Dashman Company was a large concern which produced equipment for the armed forces of the United States.
It had over 20 plants situated in the central part of U. There was the absence of coordinated purchase policy within the firm. Each plant was working as a separate individual unit. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Academic fields can also contribute data and insights to human growth such fields of study are: The last of the five developmental characteristics is plasticity, which states that every person has traits that can be altered at any point in life, and change is ongoing Berger, These different characteristics come from different theories in lifespan development two such theories come from Sigmund Freud, and Jean Piaget.
Theories of Lifespan Development. According to Berger , a developmental theory is systematic statement of principles they provide a generalization of coherent framework for understanding the changes of people as they grow older. Sigmund Freud is responsible for many controversial theories, and lifespan development is one of these. His belief is the first six years of development occurs in three stages, each stage deals with sexual pleasure centered on a particular body parts.
Infancy is the oral stage, early childhood is the anal stage, and preschool years is the phallic stage a source of pride and fear among boys and reason for sadness and envy in girls Berger, Psychoanalytic interpretation of an adult stuck in an unconscious struggle would be from childhood stages.
Cognitive theory on development comes from Piaget. This theory has dominated psychology since , and has brained into many versions, each adds insights about human development Berger, Piaget realized that children are curious and thoughtful, that cognitive development occurs in four stages: Each stage is age-related sensorimotor is from birth to age two when the infant uses motor and senses to understand the world.
Preoperational is from age two through six; children use language to understand the world. Concrete operational stage happens in ages of six to 11, and the child can understand and use logical operations, principles, to interpret and experience.
The last stage is the formal operational and happens from age 12 through adulthood, in this stage both adolescents and adults think about abstraction and hypothetical concepts and reason analytically not just emotionally.
Nature and Nurture in Development. Both nature and nurture play a role in shaping a person. Nature is genes passed down from one generation to the next, biological determinism that a person has evolved predispositions that go beyond the influence of environment Guest, The environment describes the location, surrounding elements, influences, and conditions.
The description of environment must be expanded to include ecology and social and cultural forces http: The two synergize or are interdependent over the life span of the individual, shaping, forming and affecting life experiences. Heredity forms a base of reference and the environment provides a dynamic life-scape of interactive development.
Every person that is met in passing can alter the life path. For example; the middle school math teacher that indicated a person can do anything. One specific ecological event can alter the course as well. The affect can be minimal, volatile or have no consequence at all.
The outcome of these events or exposures are dependent in no small part on the heredity filter in which they are experienced through. That is the dynamic nature of the individual differences in development.
Life Span Perspective Paper Life span is the time of conception till the day a person takes their last breathe. So many situations take place in a person’s life like reaching other developmental periods within life.
This paper will discuss a person’s lifespan is from the moment of conception through death. Throughout my paper I will explain the lifespan perspective and development. I will summarize two theories of life span development. Lastly, I will explain how heredity and the environment interact to.
Aug 28, · Lifespan development is the time from conception to death as a person develops and grows; the perspective in relationship to human development is lifelong, and theories of lifespan development can be seen in Freud, and Piaget, while the influences of a person life is nature and nurture. Life Span Perspective Paper. Development begins at birth and continues throughout one's entire life. Individuals experience transitions as they move through the different life spans whether it is physically, mentally, or both.
Life-Span Perspective Paper Tiffany B From the day of conception until the day of death, humans are constantly changing and developing. Most of the changes that individuals go through are common biological and psychological changes. The life span perspective "holds many principles within human development. In our earlier school years Newton's Law of Motion taught us that for every action there is a reaction (Boyd & Bee, )". During the study of human development we find that our changes are multidirectional.