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How Do I Write…? Scaffolding Preschoolers' Early Writing Skills

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❶Early Phonetic Writing The child writes words using letters mostly consonants to represent words and sounds. Totorelli , Hope Gerde.

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Drawing and Imitative Writing
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The stages of emergent writing describe the what, when, why, and how of written literacy in preschool and kindergarten aged children.

Emergent writing stages can be defined as a theory of literacy development. It refers to the dynamic and overlapping stages of early writing ability that all children pass through, leading up to conventional writing. The theory evolved from the concept of "reading readiness" or the notion that before children can learn to read, they must possess a certain mental maturity. Maturationists such as G. Stanley Hall and Arnold Gesell influenced early theories of literacy development and educational practices until the mid 20th century.

Attitudes toward literacy development began to shift when critics of reading readiness such as famed teacher Pukulski began to point out the theory's conceptional and functional flaws. Specifically, educators began to realize that literacy is not a static ability that develops at one distinct point in a child's education, but rather an ongoing evolution of abilities and attitudes. This conceptualization of literacy as an emergent, or developing, skill led parents and teachers to rethink their approach to teaching children how to read and write.

Long before children learn to write, they use writing tools like markers and crayons to draw pictures. Drawing is the earliest stage in the emergent writing process. At this point in their development, children create pictures which represent things, not words. They can use writing utensils to create shapes on the page, but in the child's mind the shapes are representations of the world around them rather than symbols representing the names of those things.

In other words, they are just pictures. As children continue to develop and become familiar with the concepts of reading and writing, their intentions and abilities when drawing will change.

Drawing continues but begins to contain scribbles of "mock handwriting" and can be horizontally oriented, like the words in a book. Most importantly, the child intends the scribbles as actual words and may even assign meaning to their work, such as "This says 'good morning'!

A crucial point in a child's literacy development is the realization that words are groups of individual letters. At this point scribbles begin to take shape and letter-like patterns begin appearing in the child's drawings.

Although they are still unable to write the letters of the alphabet, children's scribbles have gone from squiggles and loops to alphabetical representations that resemble real letters. As the child continues to experience the printed word in their daily life, their scribbles and mock letters will morph into actual letters with which the child is familiar. Children may not even be aware that they are drawing actual letters.

Often, letters appear within drawings in a row as "letter strings. This is one of the most pivotal stages of emergent writing. He's able to print letters, mostly upper-case, with two lower case i's also. This is a kid who's willing to write. That's a lot of work for a 5 year old. He knows that writing carries a message, and he had something to say. Where to go from here, instructionally: Activities Early literacy development Writing.

Comments Where can I find more analyzed examples of emergent writing; along with corresponding instructional strategies? Add comment Your name. More information about text formats. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. Leave this field blank. Subscribe to our blogs!

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Our Podcasts Watch or listen to our classroom video, author interviews and more. Classroom Strategies Research-based teaching strategies. Reading Basics From print awareness to comprehension. Reading Course K-3 professional development course. Looking at Writing Writing samples from real kids pre-K—3. More in Teaching Reading: Why Some Kids Struggle The reasons why some kids struggle with reading.

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From Scribbles to Signatures: History and Stages of Emergent Writing

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Emergent writing stages can be defined as a theory of literacy development. It refers to the dynamic and overlapping stages of early writing ability that all children pass through, leading up to conventional writing.

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Stages of Emergent Writing Emergent writers discover many ways to send written messages. The writing samples on this page demonstrate different kinds of writing evident in a kindergarten classroom.

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STAGES IN WRITING DEVELOPMENT EMERGENT STAGE At the Emergent Stage, writers are learning what writing is about. They are learning the link between sound-symbol correspondence, understanding that writing is "talk" written down, learning concepts about print, and building a core of conventionally spelled high-frequency words. Stages of Writing Development 1. Stages of Writing Development Preliterate: Drawing Preliterate: Scribbling Early Emergent: Letter-like forms Emergent: Random-letters or letter strings Transitional: Writing via invented spelling Fluency: Conventional spelling 2.

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View the following examples of emergent writing and write down what stage you think each sample demonstrates and the reasons for your choice. Check your learning! Compose a brief explanation for Zoey's mother telling her about the characteristics of the stages of Emergent Writing and what stage Zoey is currently at. Six stages of emergent writing 3.) Letter like forms Also know as the "Mock letter", children attempt to write the letters from the alphabet (which will also appears in their drawings sometimes.