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What Should Be Included in an Introductory Paragraph for an Essay?

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❶Structure your introduction effectively. Notice, too, how the reader makes the transition from the lessons of childhood to the real focus of her paper in this sentence:

Write an introduction that interests the reader and effectively outlines your arguments.

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Introduction Paragraph

A good introduction does 2 things: Be interesting and find some original angle via which to engage others in your topic. Provides a specific and debatable thesis statement. A good thesis statement makes a debatable point, meaning a point someone might disagree with and argue against. It also serves as a roadmap for what you argue in your paper.

The Body Paragraphs Body paragraphs help you prove your thesis and move you along a compelling trajectory from your introduction to your conclusion.

An easy way to remember the parts of a body paragraph is to think of them as the MEAT of your essay: Keep in mind that main ideas are… like labels. Make a specific point in each paragraph and then prove that point.

A conclusion typically does one of two things—or, of course, it can do both: Some instructors expect you not to say anything new in your conclusion. They just want you to restate your main points.

If you opt to do so, keep in mind that you should use different language than you used in your introduction and your body paragraphs. Explains the significance of the argument. Last year I went on a trip to Washington D. While there I took a tour of the White House.

It is said that without a secure attachment, human development can be severely impaired, and in extreme cases death can occur Huffman, Share your thesis Paper's organization. The purpose of the thesis statement is to inform the audience, in one sentence, how the chosen topic will develop throughout the entire paper. If you list three points that will support your thesis, you will address each of those three point in your paper in the same order you listed them.

If you find that after you start writing the paper, you have added ideas that were not stated in your thesis you will have to revise your thesis to mirror your paper. The introduction of any paper should normally: Your browser has javascript disabled. Without javascript some functions will not work, including question submission via the form. What are the essential parts of an introduction?

How do I write an introduction? Chat with the Rasmussen Library. Submit Your Question Question. Particularly with personal or political essays, use your hook to get your reader emotionally involved in the subject matter of your story.

You can do this by describing a related hardship or tragedy. Offer a relevant example or anecdote. In your reading and research for your essay, you may have come across an entertaining or interesting anecdote that, while related, didn't really fit into the body of your essay.

Such an anecdote can work great as a hook. Particularly with less formal papers or personal essays, humorous anecdotes can be particularly effective hooks. Ask a thought-provoking question. If you're writing a persuasive essay, consider using a relevant question to draw your reader in and get them actively thinking about the subject of your essay.

That's exactly what the leaders of the tiny island nation of Guam tried to answer. Make sure to come up with your own intriguing question. In most cases, they'll actually hurt by making you look like an unoriginal or lazy writer. For example, "everyone wants someone to love" would alienate someone who identified as aromantic or asexual. Relate your hook to a larger topic.

The next part of your introduction explains to your reader how that hook connects to the rest of your essay. Start with a broader, more general scope to explain your hook's relevance. For example, if you related a story about one individual, but your essay isn't about them, you can relate the hook back to the larger topic with a sentence like "Tommy wasn't alone, however.

There were more than , dockworkers affected by that union strike. Provide necessary background information. While you're still keeping things relatively general, let your readers know anything that will be necessary for them to understand your main argument and the points you're making in your essay.

If you are writing an argumentative paper, make sure to explain both sides of the argument in a neutral or objective manner. Define key terms for the purposes of your essay. Your topic may include broad concepts or terms of art that you will need to define for your reader.

Your introduction isn't the place to reiterate basic dictionary definitions. However, if there is a key term that may be interpreted differently depending on the context, let your readers know how you're using that term. Definitions also come in handy in legal or political essays, where a term may have different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. Move from the general to the specific. It can be helpful to think of your introduction as an upside-down pyramid.

With your hook sitting on top, your introduction welcomes your readers to the broader world in which your thesis resides. Draw your reader in gradually. For example, if you're writing an essay about drunk driving fatalities, you might start with an anecdote about a particular victim. Then you could provide national statistics, then narrow it down further to statistics for a particular gender or age group.

After you've set up the context within which you're making your argument, tell your readers the point of your essay. Use your thesis statement to directly communicate the unique point you will attempt to make through your essay. Avoid including fluff such as "In this essay, I will attempt to show Your outline should be specific, unique, and provable. Through your essay, you'll make points that will show that your thesis statement is true — or at least persuade your readers that it's most likely true.

Describe how you're going to prove your point. Round out your introduction by providing your readers with a basic roadmap of what you will say in your essay to support your thesis statement. In most cases, this doesn't need to be more than a sentence. For example, if you're writing an essay about the unification of Italy, you might list 3 obstacles to unification. In the body of your essay, you would discuss details about how each of those obstacles was addressed or overcome.

Instead of just listing all of your supporting points, sum them up by stating "how" or "why" your thesis is true. For example, instead of saying, "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they distract students, promote cheating, and make too much noise," you might say "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they act as an obstacle to learning.

Transition smoothly into the body of your essay. In many cases, you'll find that you can move straight from your introduction to the first paragraph of the body. Some introductions, however, may require a short transitional sentence at the end to flow naturally into the rest of your essay.

If you find yourself pausing or stumbling between the paragraphs, work in a transition to make the move smoother. You can also have friends or family members read your easy. If they feel it's choppy or jumps from the introduction into the essay, see what you can do to smooth it out. Read essays by other writers in your discipline.

What constitutes a good introduction will vary widely depending on your subject matter. A suitable introduction in one academic discipline may not work as well in another. Take note of conventions that are commonly used by writers in that discipline. Make a brief outline of the essay based on the information presented in the introduction. Then look at that outline as you read the essay to see how the essay follows it to prove the writer's thesis statement.

Keep your introduction short and simple. Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay. Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction.

It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it. For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction. Revise your introduction to fit your essay.

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Every essay or assignment you write must begin with an introduction. It might be helpful to think of the introduction as an inverted pyramid. In such a pyramid, you begin by presenting a broad introduction to the topic and end by making a more focused point about that topic in your thesis statement.

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The introduction of any paper should normally: Not start with a definition Not provide a lot of background or factual information (that should be saved for the body of the paper).

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Parts of an Essay Introduction Paragraph What is an introduction paragraph? The introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of your essay. What does it do? Parts of the Introduction: The introduction is the beginning of an essay. It does the same job for an essay as the topic sentence does for a paragraph. In a paragraph, the topic sentence tells the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be and how it will be developed. In an essay, the introduction, which can be one or two paragraphs.

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The introduction opens the essay. It is a short paragraph – usually about THREE sentences. In an argument essay, it usually describes or summarizes both sides of the present situation and says what you are going to do in your essay. Read more about Introductions here. The Body is the main part of. Parts of an Essay — Traditionally, it has been taught that a formal essay consists of three parts: the introductory paragraph or introduction, the body paragraphs, and the concluding paragraph. An essay does not need to be this simple, but it is a good starting point.