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Definition of 'census'

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❶Cambridge History of China: With few interruptions, it was usually carried out every five years.

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How we chose 'feminism'. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. The awkward case of 'his or her'. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of census 1: See census defined for English-language learners See census defined for kids.

Examples of census in a Sentence According to the latest census , the racial makeup of the town has changed dramatically in the last 50 years. Recent Examples of census from the Web The City Council on Thursday approved a resolution opposing a federal plan to ask citizenship status on the census. But a comparison of census and FBI data shows the U.

Other governments According to the census and state data: Waukesha has the seventh largest population base of all Wisconsin communities. Gaelic, a Celtic language, is still spoken by 1 percent of the Scottish population, according to the latest census. Helping the homeless find housing More than 6, men, women and children in Louisville are homeless, according to the latest census taken in Stopping gun violence," 15 May Censuses have evolved in their use of technology with the latest censuses, the round, using many new types of computing.

In Brazil, handheld devices were used by enumerators to locate residences on the ground. In many countries, census returns could be made via the Internet as well as in paper form.

DSE is facilitated by computer matching techniques which can be automated, such as propensity score matching. In the UK, all census formats are scanned and stored electronically before being destroyed, replacing the need for physical archives.

The record linking to perform an administrative census would not be possible without large databases being stored on computer systems. New technology is not without problems in its introduction. The US census had intended to use the handheld computers but cost escalated and this was abandoned, with the contract being sold to Brazil. Online response is a good idea but one of the functions of census is to make sure everyone is counted accurately.

A system which allowed people to enter their address without verification would be open to abuse. Therefore, households have to be verified on the ground, typically by an enumerator visit or post out. Paper forms are still necessary for those without access to Internet connections. It is also possible that the hidden nature of an administrative census means that users are not engaged with the importance of contributing their data to official statistics. Alternatively, population estimations may be carried out remotely with GIS and remote sensing technologies.

Unfortunately, many countries have outdated or inaccurate data about their populations and therefore, without accurate data are unable to address the needs of their population. UNFPA stated that, [19]. Planners need this information for all kinds of development work, including: In addition to making policymakers aware about population issues, it is also an important tool for identifying forms of social, demographic or economic exclusions, such as inequalities relating to race, ethics and religion as well as disadvantaged groups such as those with disabilities and the poor.

An accurate census can empower local communities by providing them with the necessary information to participate in local decision-making and ensuring they are represented. In the nineteenth century, the first censuses collected paper enumerations that had to be collated by hand so the statistical uses were very basic. The government owned the data and were able to publish statistics themselves on the state of the nation.

Population estimates could be compared to those of other countries. By the beginning of the twentieth century, censuses were recording households and some indications of their employment. In some countries, census archives are released for public examination after many decades, allowing genealogists to track the ancestry of interested people.

Archives provide a substantial historical record which may challenge established notions of tradition. It is also possible to understand the societal history through job titles and arrangements for the destitute and sick. There are a lot of politics that surround the census in many countries. In Canada in for example, the government under the leadership of Stephen Harper abolished the mandatory long-form census.

The decision to cut the long-form census was a response to protests from some Canadians who resented the personal questions. As governments assumed responsibility for schooling and welfare, large government research departments made extensive use of census data. Actuarial estimates could be made to project populations and plan for provision in local government and regions.

It was also possible for central government to allocate funding on the basis of census data. Even into the mid twentieth century, census data was only directly accessible to large government departments.

However, computers meant that tabulations could be used directly by university researchers , large businesses and local government offices. They could use the detail of the data to answer new questions and add to local and specialist knowledge. Now, census data are published in a wide variety of formats to be accessible to business, all levels of governance, media, students and teachers, charities and any citizen who is interested; researchers in particular have an interest in the role of Census Field Officers CFO and their assistants.

Census data offer a unique insight into small areas and small demographic groups which sample data would be unable to capture with precision. Although the census provides a useful way of obtaining statistical information about a population, such information can sometimes lead to abuses, political or otherwise, made possible by the linking of individuals' identities to anonymous census data.

For instance, when reporting data from a large city, it might be appropriate to give the average income for black males aged between 50 and However, doing this for a town that only has two black males in this age group would be a breach of privacy because either of those persons, knowing his own income and the reported average, could determine the other man's income. Typically, census data are processed to obscure such individual information. Some agencies do this by intentionally introducing small statistical errors to prevent the identification of individuals in marginal populations; [25] others swap variables for similar respondents.

Whatever measures have been taken to reduce the privacy risk in census data, new technology in the form of better electronic analysis of data poses increasing challenges to the protection of sensitive individual information.

This is known as statistical disclosure control. Another possibility is to present survey results by means of statistical models in the form of a multivariate distribution mixture. As the final product does not contain any protected microdata, the model based interactive software can be distributed without any confidentiality concerns.

Another method is simply to release no data at all, except very large scale data directly to the central government. Different release strategies between government have led to an international project IPUMS to co-ordinate access to microdata and corresponding metadata. Such projects also promote standardising metadata by projects such as SDMX so that best use can be made of the minimal data available. Censuses in Egypt first appear in the late Middle Kingdom and develops in the New Kingdom [27] Pharaoh Amasis , according to Herodotus , require every Egyptian to declare annually to the nomarch , "whence he gained his living".

There are several accounts of ancient Greek city states carrying out censuses. Censuses are mentioned in the Bible. God commands a per capita tax to be paid with the census in Exodus The Book of Numbers is named after the counting of the Israelite population in Numbers according to the house of the Fathers after the exodus from Egypt.

A second census was taken while the Israelite were camped in the plains of Moab , in Numbers King David performed a census that produced disastrous results in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles His son, King Solomon , had all of the foreigners in Israel counted in 2 Chronicles 2: The Gospel of Luke links the birth of Jesus to this event.

The word "census" originated in ancient Rome from the Latin word censere "to estimate". The census played a crucial role in the administration of the Roman Empire, as it was used to determine taxes. With few interruptions, it was usually carried out every five years. It is said to have been instituted by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century BC , [38] at which time the number of arms-bearing citizens was supposedly counted at around 80, In the Middle Ages , the Caliphate began conducting regular censuses soon after its formation, beginning with the one ordered by the second Rashidun caliph , Umar.

In , a census was taken of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem , to ascertain the number of men and amount of money that could possibly be raised against an invasion by Saladin , sultan of Egypt and Syria. As the accuracy of the census to be obtained by the Congress will necessarily depend, in a considerable degree on the disposition, if not on the co-operation, of the States, it is of great importance that the States should feel as little bias as possible, to swell or to reduce the amount of their numbers.

But a wiser man has arisen--the census taker--and his larger estimate of human interest has been preferred in marking out the field of these little stories of the "Four Million.

Though so short a period ago --not a good life-time --the census of the buffalo in Illinois exceeded the census of men now in London, and though at the present day not one horn or hoof of them remains in all that region; and though the cause of this wondrous extermination was the spear of man; yet the far different nature of the whale-hunt peremptorily forbids so inglorious an end to the Leviathan.

But Plato, in his treatise of Laws, thinks that a difference in circumstances should be permitted to a certain degree; but that no citizen should be allowed to possess more than five times as much as the lowest census , as we have already mentioned. Whereas now, in one moment of audition, I take as it were the census and statistics, local, corporeal, mental and spiritual, of every living being in Lineland.

And in passing I will ask you managers of society why you did not make public the census figures of ? In the United States Census of the last census the figures of which were made public , the number of child laborers was placed at 1,, KNBS director general Zachary Chege was on Tuesday at pains to convince MPs on the agency's readiness to conduct census in August without aligning the old law with the Constitution.

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s, from Latin census "the enrollment of the names and property assessments of all Roman citizens," originally past participle of censere "to assess" (see censor (n.)). The modern census begins in the .

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Census definition is - a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome. How to use census in a sentence. a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome.

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Special census to start Friday Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue The census was held after a delay of almost 19 years after the planned census of which was delayed due to . The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S. International Trade Main.

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census offers short-term jobs with long-term results Profile of language, immigration, citizenship, mobility and migration for Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions, census, census year A census is an official survey of the population of a country that is carried out in order to find out how many people live there and to obtain details of such things as people's ages and jobs. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary.