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Transition Words and Phrases

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❶Next Additionally If the third paragraph is in the middle and is where you are presenting a contrasting idea or refuting objections, you can use:

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You must have a transition from the body to the conclusion. However, in certain scenarios, the transition may somewhat feel redundant since, from the previous section of the text, it was obvious that the essay is coming to a close. They are okay to use but not the best approach, go beyond the normal and creatively give a stunning conclusion. They are short, consisting of a paragraph or two — for long essays. All a conclusion does is restate your main points or arguments and not rewriting the entire essay.

Simplicity is key when writing the conclusion. Use one syllable words in your sentences. You can also employ the use of compound sentences to give that sense of a dramatic end to a complex discussion in your conclusion. Writing an essay is a chance for you to express your opinion and thoughts on specific issues. Therefore, as you conclude your essay, your choice of words should reflect that.

You are trying to assert your ideas to your readers, do so by using words that will echo your conviction on the issue at hand, without you being apologetic and that can convince them too. Writing conclusions is reasonably easy, what you are simply doing is reiterating the main ideas. Go back to the essay and highlight your main points in the conclusion.

A good conclusion highlights the thesis statement , such that, should anyone only read that section, they should be able to tell what the thesis statement is. In any case, the thesis statement gives an idea of what the main argument of your essay is and as earlier stated, your conclusion ought to include a summary of the main ideas.

Your conclusion should be mentally stimulating for your readers. You can include a call to action and basically, give your conclusion a polished finish. Give your readers the satisfaction of knowing it was worth reading your paper. A conclusion is a summary of the main points that you had previously introduced in the body of the essay. Therefore, introducing new concepts would be a grievous mistake. Stick to the scope of the topic at hand. Introducing new ideas only confuses your readers, lowering the quality of your paper.

Yes, you may be reiterating the major points, but then, the conclusion ties all of them together giving a neat finish to your thoughts. Using fluff and filler content is among the many things that distort the readability of your essay. A proper conclusion is void of such mistakes. Students are often tempted to use complex, long words that make the conclusion incomprehensible. They actually make your essay conclusion boring!

Anything beyond that will be considered as fluff. Most college essays are between 5 to 7 lines long, which means that you have to only highlight the main issues. An essay conclusion is no place for mentioning minor points. Role of self-regulation and trust. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology. The expected results demonstrated the perception of the use of this online platform in a particular cultural and academic context and its preliminary impact. Note how the author introduces his arguments, results and thesis statement in the above essay conclusion example.

Each section of any essay plays a significant role in giving flow and improving the quality of the piece. Writing your conclusion is rather easy and not a hustle as many may perceive. Conclude your essay in a manner that engages your readers by giving it a polished finish. You may have an excellent intro and body but should your conclusion not be of par the overall quality of the essay is lowered.

Link your ideas to a broader context but be keen not to go outside the main topic, it increases your chances of having fluff! How to Conclude an Essay. Academic level Undergraduate Bachelor Professional.

Deadline 6 hours 3 hours 12 hours 24 hours 2 days 3 days 6 days 10 days 14 days. A good conclusion does the following: It gives an essay a neat finish It ties all points of an essay, making it complete There are a couple of ways you can write a conclusion, which leaves your essay looking complete and rather polished. Thinking About Your Essay Conclusion Before you proceed with writing the introduction or body of your essay, you first have to brainstorm what information to include.

Then use "moreover," "furthermore," or another word that adds to the idea. If this sentence contrasts with the previous sentence, you might use "however" or "on the other hand.

Also, don't forget the comma after the transition word and don't forget to put the subject of the sentence after the comma. How can you choose the right word for each sentence? What makes using transitions improve your writing is that it forces you to explain the connections between your ideas. Does the sentence contrast or contradict? Are you writing something that happens in order?

Does this sentence add evidence? Does the sentence emphasize an idea? Cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Parents complain their teenagers spending too much time on their phone. Teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of their parents who are always working or shopping on their phones. We need to make some changes. Generally speaking, cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Obviously, parents complain about their teenagers spending too much time on their phones.

Moreover, teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of their parents who are always working or shopping on their phones. Unquestionably, we need to make some changes. Just following my tips to add transition words to your essay can often make your essay much better and will probably improve your grade.

Inevitably, as soon as I tell my classes about this technique their writing improves dramatically. Better yet, the more you use transition words in revision, the more you begin to add that technique to your writing during the first draft. Why does that help? It begins training you to think about how your ideas relate to one another and helps you to write essays that are deeper, more connected and logical.

If you've found this technique helpful, or if you have another sentence starting technique, please add your comments below to help out other writers. What are other words can I use instead of "I"? What would be another way to say, "I believe that?

You can start with a description or short story from each of the two which shows that comparison. You probably need to look at my articles which give good introduction and conclusion ideas.

Here are some links:. Sentence starters are especially important in persuasive writing because they intensify your language and point the reader towards what you feel is most important. Any of these sentence starters will work, but persuasive writing sometimes focuses on the more common or emotionally charged language, avoiding the more academic-sounding words.

Here are some examples,. What are other words to use instead of using "I" all the time? I keep on using "this" to start a sentence, like I will say "this disruption caused Is there any way that I can use a different word, or transition to get rid of the repetition?

Avoiding "this" is an excellent way to improve your writing. You can certainly use any of these sentence starters to help you out. With a sentence starter, you might still use "this," but it won't stand out as repetitive. Additionally, you might want to think about other ways to state the point or combine two ideas together into one longer sentence. Inevitably, this disruption caused a problem in society because corruption began to be seen at all levels.

Bribes were expected by all public officials. Moreover, the problem started Furthermore, without having any way to stop it, the officials in charge began to There are many good ways of starting a sentence. A typical way of starting a sentence in English is with the subject.

However, that can become monotonous and that is why I suggest that you try using some of these sentence starters, or "ing" words called gerunds or other types of phrases which come before the subject. However, I wouldn't worry too much about overusing any particular word because the best way to avoid repetitive sentences is to use these easy sentence starters and to combine your short sentences.

See my article about writing effective sentences: Yes, I am a real English instructor. I have worked for over 20 years at a large private University in the United States.

My biography and picture are on my profile page. I personally respond to all comments and questions which have substance and would be useful to more than just one person. Everything on VirginiaLynne has been written by me, and most of the writing articles are developed from the instructional materials I've written for my own classes. I am stuck on writing the first sentence which often determines whether or not the reader wants to continue.

How do I write an effective "hook? Using one of these sentence starters is a good way to write a more interesting sentence for your "hook. Questions can be a good starting sentence, or a vivid description or startling fact. Never start with something boring like "In all of human history Here are some sample first sentences on that topic:.

Getting ready for school in on a Monday morning, John Jefferson hoped the school breakfast would be a good one since he hadn't eaten anything but crackers since the school lunch on Friday.

This sounds like the beginning of a speech, and so it is often polite to acknowledge who has honored you. Then, you can say thanks for this honor, or, if you are giving a speech, it is good to share the main point you will talk about, or to announce the title of the speech.

Here are some samples:. Moreover, I would like to thank First of all, it is important for any entrepreneur to know These "easy words" that help you start sentences are also called "transition words," and their job is to link ideas together. You can use them in starting an essay or in any sentence in a paper; however, they are most effective when used inside the text, and particularly so as the first word in a paragraph.

These transition words can help you to show that you are:. Adding an additional example or reason moreover, additionally, furthermore, not only Presenting a contrasting idea however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the one hand In general, "another moment" isn't a phrase I can imagine would be used very often in writing and it is all right to use a phrase once in a while.

Here are some alternatives:. If an essay uses sources, it should include a bibliography which lists the works cited in the essay. In general, you really can't overuse the word "the.

To get rid of that problem, you can substitute a clearer and more specific description of the thing you are referring to rather than the simple "the You can replace the "am" with a more active verb which describes what you are saying. You can also add an adverb word ending in "ly" which describes the verb. A final way to vary your word choice is to add some of these sentence starters.

Here are some examples:. Which words can I use to start a paragraph? Can we start the paragraph with transition words? Using transition sentence starters can help you express your own opinions and emotions because they can intensify your thought and ideas and help make the statements stronger.

You can also use some of the "author tag" words in this article to show approval or disapproval for ideas: You need to decide what is the claim you are trying to make. You can use any of the following:.

How important is it to report on police brutality, or how important is it to make police brutality a political issue? After you have narrowed your topic, you will want to look at my essay on how to write an argument step by step: Any of the words in these lists would work.

You should also think of different ways to address your subject. For example, if your subject is "the school" you could also say:.

The name of the school with an adjective or possessive: There really aren't any other words to use for a personal pronoun, but you can avoid sounding repetitive by making sure that you use these sentence starters before the subject if it is "I" and by combining your sentences, using appropriate commas, semicolons and other punctuation.

Here is my article on writing effectively which explains how to do that:. I often advise students to use a question as an opening statement because that helps to get the reader to think about the topic.

Another good way to motivate a reader of a letter is to present them with a startling statistic, dramatic story, or interesting fact. Sometimes sentence starters can be helpful in making your sentence more interesting.

Here are some sample openings to sentences:. On the one hand we all know Some transition words are specific to a particular part of a paper, but most are not.

If the third paragraph is at the end of a paper, you can use:. If the third paragraph is in the middle and is where you are presenting a contrasting idea or refuting objections, you can use:. In general, the most important way to choose a sentence starter for any paragraph is to look at how the information in that paragraph relates to the information in the paragraph before.

Use a transition which shows the relationship. There are several ways to answer this question, and so, I will try to cover all of the information possible on this topic. Sentence starters are excellent words to use as the first word in a paragraph because they will help you link the ideas of each paragraph together.

For example, if the essay is about reasons that Indian food is so tasty, these possible first sentences of the body could be done:. Ultimately, the taste of Indian food comes from the variety of ingredients and the creativity of cooks There are many correct ways to start a paragraph, but in standard English, it is typical to begin each paragraph except for the first paragraph in an essay with the topic sentence. A topic sentence tells the main idea of the paragraph. The rest of the paragraph will explain the topic sentence and give examples and reasons to back up that assertion.

In the first paragraph of an essay, you will generally give examples first and then put the thesis sentence at the end of the paragraph. The thesis sentence is the main idea of the whole essay.

Finally, in case the question is actually about the formatting of the paragraph, it is important to know that each paragraph in English is indented, and starts with a capital letter as do all first words in an English sentence. The simple answer is yes. You can start a sentence with "and" and be correct. However, it can make your writing more effective if you try to avoid "and' and use one of the other adding conjunctions listed in my article.

Consider the following example which uses two coordinating conjunctions "and" and "but" to start sentences:. Anna went skiing yesterday on the steep run at Whistler that I warned her not to try.

And she made it down the hill just fine. But then she slipped on some ice at the bottom of the run and twisted her ankle so badly she can't ski today. Anna went skiing today on the steep run at Whistler that I warned her not to try. Moreover, she made it down the hill just fine; however, when she got to the bottom, she slipped on some ice and twisted her ankle so badly she can't ski today.

Coordinating conjunctions also include "yet," "or," and "nor" and are often remembered by the term FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.

It is not improper or wrong to use coordinating conjunctions to start a sentence, but it may not be the most effective technique and is often overused by less experienced writers. Additionally, since many people have been taught, it is incorrect, others may judge your use of "and" to start a sentence with poor writing and incorrect grammar. Therefore, I tend to tell my students not to use a coordinating conjunction to start sentences if they can avoid it.

It is better not to say "first," but to just say your point and then on the next section, you can say "second" or "additionally" or "moreover. You could use the word, "Initially" or the phrase, "to start with. How can I write a biography about a significant role model, and then change it into a story?

My assignment is using the information of a biography that I've already researched and written about. Put yourself into the story and imagine that you are going back in time to meet the character.

Think about the "Magic Treehouse" series of kid's books or H. Well's The Time Machine. Take one important scene or situation that you've researched. Write it like a story with characters, dialogue, and action. Make up parts that you don't know, like what people look like, things that happen on a moment by moment basis, what people think or feel and how they might react to the events. For example, what did people think, do, and feel when they heard Paul Revere come by shouting "The Redcoats are coming!

Write this as a letter, a diary, a conversation or a monologue. Have your character telling the story of some important event to a friend. For help in writing and punctuating dialogue and conversation, see: Generally, when you are using "this" to start a sentence, you are using it as an adjective describing which thing you are talking about this cellphone, this plate, this car etc.

Additionally, "this whatever" would generally be the subject of the sentence, so you can use most of the sentence starters in this article in front of it or use a phrase that starts with one of those words to vary your sentences. You can also use a synonym for the item in question. For example, "this jacket" could also be "this coat.

Here are some examples using the phase "this book. It is completely correct to start a sentence with "an important person to me. If the word starts with a vowel sound, you use "an. Sometimes there are differences in British and American pronunciation.

Americans pronounce the "h" in historic, so they would write "a historic event. Good question because pronouns are already a substitute for the person's name. So you can use the name or a description of the person, such as their job "the teacher" or what they look like, "the tall, dark-headed man with blue eyes," or what they are wearing, "the girl in the blue dress. That is where you can use my sentence starters in this article and hints about how to write sentences to improve: My article is about the benefits and the drawbacks of learning a foreign language.

How should I finish the third paragraph of my article? I assume that you are talking about the conclusion of your article. A great way to conclude is to tell the reader your recommendations.

You can also refute any objections that you expect your reader might have. Remember that when you are in a conversation with someone, they can ask you questions and point out flaws they see in your arguments, or other points of view. When you write, your reader has those thoughts in their head, and those alternative points of view can make them disagree with you and feel that your paper doesn't really seem very convincing.

A way to get around that problem is to bring up those objections and then answer them. Ideally, you should answer the objections and then conclude by telling the reader how you want them to think, believe, or respond to what you are saying. Here is how to do that:. Some people might think put objection here, something like: However, in my experience, answer the objection Another reason people may not want to learn a foreign language is If you can't think of any objections, then ask other people for help.

Have them read your paper, or just tell them your ideas and ask them what sorts of arguments they think people might have against what you are saying.

If you don't have anyone nearby that you can ask, send your paper to your parents, or a friend that you know would help you out. You might also consider asking a friend in your class to read and respond. I don't think that phrase would make an effective ending of a sentence unless you were using it in a conversation. Can I start a phrase in my essay using the word since? I am not allowed to start by writing "as. Using one of the connecting transition words is a good way to link one sentence with another.

You can also use "since. Here is an example:. I added blueberries to the top of the salad we are having for dinner. Since Danielle doesn't like blueberries, I made a small salad without them for her. In this example, you could replace "since" with "because" for basically the same causal relationship. However, you could also use one of the other three words if you wanted to emphasize "I also did this other thing.

Can I start a sentence using the word "My"? My hoarding of unnecessary things is getting out of hand. My answer has to be yes! As long as you use "my" as the possessive of something it works. In my example "my answer" uses "my" with a noun and describes whose answer it is.

In your example, the "my" is used with a phrase describing an action "hoarding of unnecessary things" which is the subject of the sentence. A good way to start an essay is to decide on your topic question and then answer it.

That will make a thesis or main idea for your essay. You can read more about it in this article: Generally, you do not want to use "this" without a noun.

You should say "this sweater," "this idea" or "this surprising circumstance. If you are writing in the first person, you really can't get away from using "I" but you can put these sentence starters in front of the "I" so that it doesn't jump out at the reader.

As a matter of fact, I usually introduce sentence starters to my class when we are doing a personal essay. I have them notice how many times they start a sentence in the personal essay with "I" and then I have them circle all of those "I" sentences. Next, I have them scan the list of words and put one or more in front of the "I" sentences. Another trick is to take a sentence and invert it so that the "I" is not the first word.

I wanted to explain how to use sentence starters and so I used many "I" sentences in this answer. Because I wanted to explain how sentence starters work, I used many "I sentences in this answer. Go back and see what I did to "eliminate" the "I"! When you are tempted to use "so" to start a sentence, you are generally trying to convey a conclusion or a result.

Here are some good transition words and phrases for that:. Look at the list of connecting words for substitutes for "and" at the beginning of a sentence. Inside a sentence, there usually doesn't need to be a substitute for "and" if you are connecting two or more ideas. You can't really overuse "and. Therefore, you need to use these sentence starters to help you out and also look at my article on 5 Easy Ways to Write Better Sentences.

Don't always start the sentence with the subject. Use an introductory phrase instead. For explanations of these three techniques ane more ideas, you can see my article: Five Tips to Write Better Sentences: Whether you would receive points off for using a conjunction is entirely dependent on the instructor's grading system.

Technically, conjunctions are intended to join two sentences together; therefore, using a conjunction to begin a sentence is not grammatically correct. However, we use this format all the time in speaking and you will often see it in all kinds of writing as well. Personally, I avoid using a conjunction to start a sentence in my formal writing, although I might use it in an informal email or letter for emphasis and to make my tone sound more friendly and casual.

I discourage my students from using this sentence form in essays because they tend to overuse it, and because most of them need to practice writing in a more professional manner.

What is most important is that you understand that using a conjunction to start a sentence gives your writing a more informal, casual tone. If that is appropriate to convey your meaning, then you should use it. On the other hand, if you are trying to create a document which makes you sound authoritative, you should avoid that construction. The simple answer to your question is that you need to ask your teacher about their standards on this issue.

The most important rule about the word "this" is not to use it all by itself. For example, you would say "this couch," "this carpet" or "this lawn" to point out which one of several possible couches, carpets or lawns you are talking about. If you are not trying to show the reader which one out of several things you are talking about, you need to use something other than "this.

You can find many sample topics on these types of essays on my web pages. You can also find step by step instructions on how to write these essays. Your best choice for substitutes for "most of" would be "many," "a considerable number," or "almost all. I believe that what you are talking about is continuing on something in a sentence. Here are some words you can use:.

Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Hi Nicole--I have lots of instructions on how to write articles. Google that and you'll find it. My son has to write a word essay on violence and the Impact.

And yes I've never in my life wrote an essay. So not sure on how to even start nor word it? Can someone please clue me in thanks. I think your sentence would work but it is a bit hard to tell out of context of the paragraph. However, I think it would be better if you said:.

Hi Fuat, I now understand your question more clearly. With the added information you give here, I would have to say that "especially" is not a good substitute for "in particular. Especially, I like swimming. And yet in your samples "especially" refers to "in the summer" and "when it is a warm day" respectively, whereas in my example it referred to "swimming".

So, again, can it be used in place of "in particular" - as in "I have a number of hobbies. To make this a good sentence you need something between "especially" and the subject "I. Thanks a lot, Virginia.

So, would a sentence like "Especially I like swimming" be correct? Hello Fuat, these are words that are intended to help you start your sentences with something other than just the subject. Some of these words work alone and others need to be put into a phrase. Especially when my daughter is taking a nap, I enjoy a quiet cup of tea and a good novel.

Thanks for this undoubtedly useful article. I'd like to clarify something: Does it mean that the above mentioned words can be used at the beginning of a sentence? Can I start a sentence with "especially"? Thank you in advance. Thanks i cant wait to print this out and carry it with me for my English class. And take it out when i can. Hi jlc--I'm glad to hear that you work hard at your revision. I'm not sure about the "Same for" as a start.

Could you give me the full sentence? I can't think of a sentence that is correct which uses that beginning; however, sometimes in conversation and dialogue, it is appropriate to write what people are speaking, even if it is not correct grammar. This is really useful. Things I should have learned in school but have not really done so. Thanks for a great hub. Hello Madam, this is the best article about English I found on the net. Thank you very much for sharing it. Hi, thanks for this article.

I was writing an undergrad engineering report and this helped me a lot. Thanks for your time and effort and God bless you. We can only use notes from Professors lectures; you are immensely helping me. I used to assign a reflection journal in my class. What I had my students do was to either just reflect on something that happened that week, or to talk about something they had read or seen in the media, or to reflect on a question.

You probably need to check out my articles on reflection and personal experience essays. You can find my other articles by searching this website, by looking at my profile page or looking at the links to the side of this article.

Hi Tammy--I'm so very glad this helped you. Thanks for letting me know! You made my day. I just started college at age The instructor said write a summary and impact response paper on pages 9 to I immediately panicked, after reading your article I'm feeling much more confident in doing my first college assignment.

Thinking About Your Essay Conclusion

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transitions are phrases or words used to connect one idea to the next transitions are used by the author to help the reader progress from one significant idea to the next transitions also show the relationship within a paragraph (or within a sentence) between the main idea and the support the author.

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Like all the other transition words and phrases that are used to combine and connect ideas in writing, conclusion transition words show logical relationships between ideas and sentences. More specifically, these transitional words convey a conclusion, a summary, or a restatement of ideas.

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Usage of Transition Words in Essays. Transition words and phrases are vital devices for essays, papers or other literary compositions. They improve the connections and transitions between sentences and paragraphs. They thus give the text a logical organization and structure (see also: a List of Synonyms). The end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it off.

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Words are very powerful and if you use the wrong ones when you are concluding your essay then you will lose your reader. Ways to lose your reader is to use phrases like, in conclusion, in summary, to summarize, or any phrase that states the obvious to . It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in .