An essay also provides a reasoned justification of your point of view. Try to present your ideas in an orderly way. You should use relevant examples to justify the points you make. In reaching your conclusion, you should seek to take into account objections to your own argument.
You should also think carefully about alternative conclusions: Be precise in your use of texts to justify your point of view. Make sure that any claims you make about the text are true. If you use quotations, make sure that they help your argument. Avoid retelling the story. An essay is a piece of independent work. It will involve the discovery and use of relevant information. In your essays, you may need to use a wide range of sources, including the texts on which you have been working, other relevant texts, and critical works.
As well as quoting from these works, you may need to cite them in other words, make a brief reference without quoting. Persuasive writing demands clear and concise expression. Be clear, precise and consistent in your use of the key terms in your argument e. The sources of all quotations and citations should be clearly noted in your essay.
Your essay should also include a bibliography, or an alphabetical list of all texts and sources cited. Your essay will be assessed in part according to the relevance and the cogency of your use of your sources.
It is therefore most important that you acknowledge all your sources. Systematic failure to do so may lead to plagiarism, or unacknowledged use of the words or ideas of others. Patent plagiarism will justify a fail mark in extreme cases, a mark of zero. In the course of your research and your writing, therefore, you need to think carefully about your use of sources. Finding relevant information to support your analysis and argument is one of the key skills which you will acquire in your work for further guidance, see the page devoted to French subject and information resources.
When reading texts or critical works, you should take care to include in your notes page references for ideas to which you wish to refer, or for passages which you transcribe for later use.
When you use an idea or where you quote from another source, you must acknowledge this use by giving the title of the work in question and a precise page reference, which may refer, as in the example below, to a page-range:. It is not always necessary to quote from a critical source, but in all cases where you make use of another person's ideas, you must acknowledge that you have done so.
If you make use of points made in lectures, you should say so by including a reference in a footnote. You must make sure also to provide references for factual statements:. An essay is a carefully structured piece of writing.
Aim to communicate clearly and make sure to use paragraph breaks to enable your reader to follow the flow of your ideas. In your written work, you should strive to be legible. If you use a word processor , it may be helpful to write a first draft of your essay by hand. Brief quotations from texts or other works should be introduced by a colon and enclosed within quotation marks, as follows: You should take care to ensure that your quotations including accentuation and punctuation are accurate.
In this case, no quotation marks are needed:. The source of all quotations should be included in your essay, preferably in notes at the foot of the page or the end of the essay see advice online on how to insert footnotes when using a word-processor.
You must take sure to be precise in transcribing quotations from texts and take special care to include accents in quotations from French follow the advice on inserting accents when using a word-processor. You should take care to present the titles of your sources — full-length works, poems, essays, articles — in as clear a way as possible. After the introduction, a thesis is posited. Following the thesis, its opposite, the antithesis, is explored and hopefully, debunked.
Then you would delve into the problems that computers pose to human intelligence, citing examples of the ways in which spelling proficiency has decreased since the invention of spell check, for example.
The key to success with this format is developing an outline before writing. The thesis must be established, with examples, and the antithesis must be supported as well.
When all of the information has been organized in the outline, the writing can begin, supported by the tools you have learned from your mastery of the synthesis and commentary. The progressive form basically consists of examining an idea via multiple points of view—a sort of deepening of the understanding of the notion, starting with a superficial perspective and ending with a deep and profound analysis.
If the dialectic dissertation is like a scale, weighing pros and cons of an idea, the progressive dissertation is like peeling an onion, uncovering more and more layers as you get to the deeper crux of the idea. You could give examples that back up this definition, and you could narrow down the definition of the subject as much as needed.
In the second part, you would explore a more philosophical look at the topic, using a definition that you provide. You first explain how you plan to analyze the subject, and then you do so.
In the third part, you will take a step back and explore this question from a distance, taking the time to construct a natural conclusion and answer for the question.
As you progress in French and become more and more comfortable with writing, try your hand at each of these types of writing exercises, and even with other forms of the dissertation.
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Get a list of 30 useful French essay phrases. PDF also available to help you learn the commonly used French phrases. Are you struggling to write essays in French? In this article, I have shared a list of 30 useful French words and phrases that will help you create more sophisticated written arguments for your exam (at school or for DELF.
When it comes to expressing your thoughts in French, there’s nothing better than the essay. It is, after all, the favorite form of such famed French thinkers as Montaigne, Chateaubriand, Houellebecq and Simone de Beauvoir. But writing an essay in French is not the same as those typical 5.
Sep 21, · Writing essays in French Cheat Sheet from JAM. Useful expressions to help structure your A level French essay.5/5(3). Tips to help you write a great French essay with exam requirements in mind (VCE French exam or any other exam). French essay proofreading checklist.
In order to write a good essay, you will need to write structured paragraphs.. General Introduction of the topic. De nos jours, les problèmes de . Cette année, le débat sur l’environnement est omniprésent. En ce moment, l’éducation est au centre des sujets d’actualité. Writing an essay in French is just like writing an essay in English. However, writing in another language can be quite difficult for many students. Follow the same structure, but write in French.